for Gardner’s Grendel -- Since these are so challenging, I usually give each student one question or put them in small groups to work together.
Gardner Letter to Susie West and Her Students
John Gardner Appreciation Page
An Index to John Gardner’s Grendel
and “The Twelve Chapters
of Grendel” by Craig J. Stromme
“Even Mothers Have Monsters:
A Study of Beowulf and John Gardner’s Grendel” by Norma