If you download or print anything from this site, please consider making at least a $10.00 donation through PayPal.

All Things Grendel


Shmoop -- Great answer to “Why Should I Care?”

spacerHold the popcorn, folks, because things are about to get real.
spacerNo, seriously: it doesn’t get much more real than Grendel. John Gardner uses this weird story about a monster to tackle some huge issues, including, you know, life, death, and the nature of the universe. Our monster hero is just trying to figure out who he is and what his life means. Those are the same big issues we all have to deal with every day—but Grendel deals with them hard, maybe so that we don’t have to.
spacer What does this mean in regular terms? Well, have you ever taken a look at your parents (or your sibs) and thought, “Are we really the same species?” Have you ever questioned the motives or characters of authority figures?
spacer Still not feeling it? Try this: ever wondered about your purpose in life or place in the universe... or if the universe is just an absurd joke? Ever looked in the mirror and seen a huge, hairy beast with out-of-control B.O.? (You know who you are.) If you answered yes to any of the above, you’ll find Gardner’s work easy to relate to.
spacer But there’s something even better in store: Gardner also delves into the minds of ancient storytellers and creates a new fictional world that weaves together everything the Beowulf-poet ever said with philosophical theories and modern angst that the Beowulf-poet could never have known. And that’s not only cool, it’s way hard to do. The result is nothing less than sheer geeky brilliance.
spacer We can’t ignore the elephant in the room, either. Fact: Grendel is a monster. So is the dragon. They are undeniably charming, and some of their ideas may hit the nail on the head. But regardless of what drove them to monsterhood, one devours humans, and the other is a fountain of cynicism and despair. The ultimate question that Gardner asks his readers is both simple and complex: whose side are you on?
spacer This novel is meant to make us uncomfortable and put us to the test. It’s also meant to put us in a tight spot, because neither the human nor the monster side is 100% appealing. As a novel, this is totally a twofer: morality and entertainment wrapped up in one slim, sleek book. Just try to pass it up.


Study Questions for Gardner’s Grendel -- Since these are so challenging, I usually give each student one question or put them in small groups to work together. PDF version. (Answers to questions from first six chapters may help those who have difficulty with textual analysis.)

Six Group Work Assignments on the novel -- Really amazing (Apologies because teacher/developer is uncredited.)

“The Twelve Chapters of Grendel” by Craig J. Stromme analyzes each chapter for its astrological and/or philosophical bent. Astrology Assignment based on this article.

Grendel Persona uses the autobiographical portfolio as a source for creative writing.

Grendel Wanted Poster

A favorite for the Body Biography. Also works for a double divided body biography if students have also read Beowulf.


Grendel Overview from GaleNet Resource Center

Grendex: An Index to John Gardner’s Grendel -- amazing concordance to the novel.

“Even Mothers Have Monsters: A Study of Beowulf and John Gardner’s Grendel” by Norma L. Hutman

“The Twelve Traps in John Gardner’s Grendel” by Barry Fawcett and Elizabeth Jones addresses heroic ideals, philosophy, and symbolism chapter by chapter. Analytical chart on article by Nancy Sanders.

Course Hero Study Guide with Infographic.

LitChart for Teachers and Students

Prestwick House has multiple units -- Activity Pack (Sampler), Multiple Critical Perspectives (Sampler), Teaching Unit (Sampler), AP Teaching Unit (Sampler), and Response Journal (Sampler).

**Gale Novels for Students -- Most in-depth analysis (26 pages).




Objective Exam -- My exam, challenging. (Donors contact me for answers.)

Composition Exam -- Baker’s Dozen

Short Answer Quiz -- Content and Quote Analysis

Summer Reading Exam -- 50 Objective Questions, mostly reading and comprehension.


Philosophical Focus Explained

Ch. 1 -- Orphism
Ch. 2 -- solipsism
Ch. 3 -- sophism
Ch. 4 -- Old Testament (basic values of good vs. evil)
Ch. 5 -- nihilism
Ch. 6 -- Egoism (Rand)
Ch. 7 -- scepticism (chaos) vs. New Testament (order)
Ch. 8 -- Machiavellianism
Ch. 9 -- Whitehead’s process
Ch. 10 -- Nietzsche
Ch. 11 -- existentialism (absurdism)
Ch. 12 -- empiricism

Thanks to Becci McDaniel

grendelJust for Fun

Thug Notes -- not for class...but fun.

Grendel, Grendel, Grendel -- Introduction to monsters, for children, really. Animated musical version oddly close to the book. Uses the text. Continues in 10-minute segments to Part 2, Part 3, Part 4, Part 5, Part 6, Part 7, Part 8, Part 9, and Part 10. (1981Australian film narrated by Peter Ustinov.)

Marillion’s Grendel -- Additional Songs “Heorot’s Plea And Grendel’s Awakening,” “Grendel’s Journey,” and “Lurker at the Threshold.” Lyrics.

John Gardner Letter to Susie West and Her Students about the novel. PDF version.

John Gardner’s “Advice for the Young Writer” -- nine exercises.

dragonJulie Taymor’s Production of Grendel the Opera

Yes, Julie Taymor of Lion King fame, has choreographed and costumed an amazing operatic version of Grendel. Dublin VoiceBox Theater trailer.




Last Interview




Special thanks to colleagues on the AP ListServ who shared their assignments and materials.
Please let me know if I have miscredited or neglected anyone.

Updated 4 February 2021.

If you download or print anything from this site, please consider making at least a $10.00 donation through PayPal.

Back to Beowulf or Assignments or Home.

visitor counter